This paper investigates how to develop a two-stage voltage-type grid-connected control method for renewable energy inverters that can make them simulate the characteristics of a synchronous generator governor. Firstly, the causes and necessities of the failure zone are analyzed, and thus the traditional static frequency characteristics are corrected. Then, a novel inverter control scheme with the governor’s failure zone characteristics is proposed. An enabling link and a power loop are designed for the inverter to compensate fluctuations and regulate frequency automatically. Outside the failure zone, the inverter participates in the primary frequency regulation by disabling the power loop. In the failure zone, the droop curve is dynamically moved to track the corrected static frequency characteristic by enabling the power loop, resisting the fluctuation of grid frequency. The direct current (DC) bus voltage loop is introduced into the droop control to stabilize the DC bus voltage. Moreover, the designed dispatch instruction interface ensures the schedulability of the renewable energy inverter. Finally, the feasibility and effectiveness of the proposed control method are verified by simulation results from MATLAB (R2016a).
More information: https://doi.org/10.3390/en11071865